Roman Chamomile, also called English Chamomile, has been cultivated as a medicinal herb since Medieval times. This hardy, aromatic, mat-forming groundcover perennial in the daisy family produces small white flowers with large yellow solid cone centers and aromatic, fern-like foliage. Easily spreads through both reseeding and creeping roots, and can become invasive. Use it to fill in space between stones or pavers, or create a fragrant, low-maintenance “chamomile lawn” like the royals do at Buckingham Palace. Both the apple-scented flowers and stems are used fresh or dried, and steeped into a calming herbal tea sipped before beddy-bye time.
Grows 3"-6" tall
Can be invasive
Good for containers
As a companion plant, it attracts pollinators and beneficial insects; repels cabbage moths, cabbage white fly, cabbage worms, cucumber beetles, and mosquitoes; and is said to increase the fragrance and flavor of aromatic herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage, and thyme.
German Chamomile has many of the same uses as Roman Chamomile, but it’s a tall, bushy annual with more, but smaller flowers. You can determine which type of Chamomile you have if you cut open the yellow center of the flower. German has hollow centers while Roman has solid ones.
As a medicinal herb, Chamomile has been used internally to treat allergies, anxiety, arthritis, asthma, colds, colic, cough, flatulence, gum disease, headache, indigestion, inflammation, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), menstrual cramps, morning sickness, stress, nervousness, restlessness, and stomach upset, and externally to treat burns, earache, hemorrhoids, mouth sores, skin problems, sunburns, teething pain, tired eyes, toothache, and wounds.
⚠️ Medicinal properties are presented as information only, and are not a recommendation or prescription for use. Consult a medical professional before using any herb medicinally.
SEED PLANTING TIPS
- Botanical name: Chamaemelum nobile
- Life cycle: Herbaceous perennial
- Hardiness zones: 4-9
- Planting season: Spring, summer, fall
- Days to maturity: 60-65 days
- Depth to plant seeds: Lightly cover - seeds need light to germinate
- Days to germinate (sprout): 7-14 days
- Germination soil temps: 55F-70F
- Spacing between plants: 6"-9" apart
- Spacing between rows: 18"-24" apart
- # of plants per sq. ft.: Appx. 4 plants per sq. ft.
- Soil types: Sandy, loamy, silty, chalky, shallow, poor, rich, moist, well-drained
- Soil pH: 5.5-7.5
- Sun needs: Full sun, part shade
- Water needs: Low - do not overwater
- Cold stratify: No
- Frost tolerant: Yes
- Heat tolerant: No
- Drought tolerant: Yes
- Deer resistant: Yes
- Culinary use: No
- Medicinal use: Yes
Good companion plants: Basil, Bean, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Chives, Collards, Cucumber, Fava Bean, Garlic, Hyssop, Kale, Lavender, Marigold, Mint, Mustard, Onion, Oregano, Pepper, Parsley, Rosemary, Soybean, Sage, Thyme, Squash, Tomato, Zucchini
More facts about Chamomile:
Chamomile helps combat headaches, toothaches, and earaches.
- Sometimes known as "the plant doctor", because it is thought to help the growth and health of many other plants, especially ones that produce essential oils.
Thought to increase production of those oils, making certain herbs, like mints (spearmint, sage, oregano) and basil stronger in scent and flavor.
- Can be taken as a herbal tea, two teaspoons of dried flower per cup of tea, which should be steeped for ten to fifteen minutes while covered to avoid evaporation of the volatile oils.
See Chamomile Recipes & Growing Tips on our Pinterest Board
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